Why are nanofibers used in flexible and wearable electronics?
Nanofiber-based materials and components enable advancements in wearable sensors, electronic textiles, flexible displays, and other innovative electronic devices that seamlessly integrate with the human body and conform to various surfaces. Nanofibers have emerged as a valuable component in the development of flexible and wearable electronics, enabling the creation of lightweight, flexible, and stretchable electronic devices.
Flexibility and Stretchability
Nanofibers can be fabricated into flexible and stretchable forms, allowing them to conform to various shapes and be integrated into wearable devices without compromising their functionality.
High Surface Area
Nanofibers possess a high surface area-to-volume ratio, which enables increased interaction with electronic components and enhanced sensitivity for sensing applications.
Nanofibers can be engineered to exhibit excellent electrical conductivity, enabling efficient charge transport and facilitating the transmission of electrical signals within flexible and wearable electronics.
Some nanofibers can be transparent or optically clear, allowing for their integration into wearable displays or transparent electrodes without obstructing visibility.
Nanofibers can possess sufficient mechanical strength to withstand bending, twisting, and stretching without breaking, ensuring the durability and reliability of flexible and wearable electronic devices.
Nanofibers can be engineered with specific properties, such as controlled porosity, surface roughness, and surface functionalization, to meet the unique requirements of flexible and wearable electronics.
Compatibility with Substrates
Nanofibers can be deposited on or laminated to various substrates, including flexible and stretchable materials, enabling seamless integration and compatibility with the overall device structure.